Predicting Space Weather

Over the past several days the media has been abuzz with news of impending solar storms, which typically means we are treated to beautiful images of aurora borealis, otherwise known as the northern lights. But how do we know that?

The storms are the result of various solar ejections from a number of active areas on the sun’s surface. The powerful bursts of dangerous particles cannot pass through Earth’s atmosphere, but they can disrupt our GPS and communication satellites. Naturally, we feel the need to ask — what is space weather and how do we know what is about to happen here on Earth because of something happening millions of miles away? Enjoy.

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